Root Canal Therapy

Root Canal Therapy is treatment to save teeth, which would otherwise need to be
removed when the pulp of a tooth (blood or nerve supply of the tooth) is infected by
decay or an abscess.

The abscess can be painful due to “fluid-filled gum blister” next to your tooth. The
pus builds pressure around the tooth, which causes the pain. An infected tooth
can endanger other parts of the body. People with special vulnerabilities, such as
prosthetic joint placement or mitral valve prolapse, may need to take an antibiotic
to protect them from the infection spreading during the dental procedure.

Root canal therapy stereotypically is known to be one of the most feared dental
operations, however the procedure is relatively painless when done properly. Most
root canal procedures can be done in one visit and takes about 1-2 hours.

When a tooth is decayed, unhealthy, injured, cracked, etc. a future infection is very
likely or inevitable. When ignored, it can become extremely painful. To cure the
infection the dentist exposes the pulp chamber and removes the infected pulp and
then cleans the nerve out of the root canal(s) with long needle-shaped files. After
this is done, the dentist fills each of the root canals and the chamber with an inert
material and seals up the opening.

The tooth should be protected with a crown that covers the cusps of the tooth. Since
root canals remove tooth structure, teeth tend to be more brittle, so if not protected
the tooth will most likely fracture. Placement of a crown is recommended because
it has the best ability to seal the root-canaled tooth and provides extra support and
strength to the tooth.